2. problems contact webmaster@doityourself.com. Aug 22, 2014 - Article about building stairs for a second-story deck. Type keyword(s) to search. Average cost to install exterior stairs is about $837 (wood stairs, 45” rise in 6 steps). The new stairs are a safe, solid, and up to code. Measure and cut the top and bottom posts from 4x4s. Use lag bolts to attach the top posts to the side stringers. To ensure our content is always up-to-date with current information, best practices, and professional advice, articles are routinely reviewed by industry experts with years of hands-on experience. to this site, and use it for non-commercial use subject to our terms of use. All rights reserved. This is a similar project to above, but the directions and materials are a little simpler, and probably better for the average size yard. However, there is no need to compromise on a stylish design. Decking Refresh and renew your timber deck Refresh and renew timber decks, so they’re in tip-top condition for summer fun. When building a roof over outside stairs, there are several areas of construction that must be addressed, such as structural concerns for the roof: will you need 4 by 4 posts, 6 by 6 posts or will you need any posts at all? How to build stairs for a deck? Learn how to build an exterior stairs using pressure-treated wood and galvanized (rust-proof) hardware to combat rot, rust and other damage from water and weather. Cut pressure-treated 2x4s for the top and bottom rails and attach them to the posts with galvanized deck screws. Stone steps and stairs look natural and free forming. The bottom box will extend the entire length of the staircase. Once the stringer is set, use a circular saw to cut out the notches, but do not cut them all the way. Provides a step by step display and a print out option showing the finished stringer with cut dimensions and a materials list. Also, cut one piece of treated 2" x 4" lumber to 3' long. I'm going to attempt to explain how to build a staircase with general staircase information, to make it informational to any size or shape and any "would-be" stair builder. All information is provided "AS IS." Make a new staircase by building new baluster spindles and newel posts. We describe typical hazards such as slippery algae, snow, ice on steps, uneven or damaged treads or risers on stairways, or loose flimsy stair railings or … Use a circular saw to cut along the lines, stopping just short of the end of the lines. Use these measurements to determine the length of the stringers (supports) and the distance from the house to the base of the stringers. This railing was built by Robert in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to accompany the brick pathway/staircase leading up to his… The height of the bottom posts should be the desired post height plus the depth of the concrete footing. The main difference between making stairs with landings compared to those without is that stairs with landings need to… We will teach you how to cut stair stringers to meet code for rise and run step limits. All rights reserved. These 17 articles will also cover how to build stair landings and ADA ramps. Lay out the Stairs. How To Enclose Exterior Basement Stairs. Use deck screws to attach the middle stringers to the ledger and the bottom 2x4s. For outdoor steps, measure the distance from the porch or deck to ground level. These boards will support the stringers. These stairs have all of those characteristics! Once that is done, we will need to frame in the landing with plywood. Dec 26, 2016 - Explore Straits View Fine Art-Painting's board "landscape stairs", followed by 370 people on Pinterest. Once fastened together these boxes will create the stairs. Divide the total rise by that number and round the dividend up to reach the final rise per stair. Drive wooden stake into ground to establish height of finished staircase. Building outdoor wooden steps requires a clear, level area. You love to DIY. Exterior Stairs Cost. Measure from the bottom of the level to the ground using a 4-foot (1.2 m) level set on the top of the … Decking How to build outdoor steps A D.I.Y. instructables. How to Build a Handrail for Outdoor Steps – Whether your outdoor steps are concrete or wooden, offering a handrail provides protection and may be required by your native codes. We love to DIY. These are custom-cut stair stringers. Sat., Sept. 10, 2016. Hang the stringers using your choice of either a rim joist of a joist hanger. This method will be for steps coming off a wood deck among posts. Each higher box in the stack will be less deep than the one it sits on. You might need something similar to meet a required building code or just for general safety purp… The stairs should be at least 36 inches wide. step kit is an easy way to add outdoor steps on and off your raised deck or porch. However, there are exceptions, so check with your local regulatory office for details. The square root of the total rise equals the stringer length. The first measurement you must take is the total rise. How to Make Outdoor Wooden Steps for Beginners. Stringers must be spaced at a maximum of 24 inches, though with thicker lumber you can space them up to 36 inches apart. Easy to use free stair calculator by EZ Stairs. Subtract the number of risers by one and multiply the difference by the passage width for the tread. How to Install a Wood Handrail for Exterior Front Stairs. These step-by-step instructions will show you how to build outdoor wooden steps in an afternoon with a few basic carpentry skills. Use a carpenter's square to measure and mark the cut lines for the stringers based on the rise and run in the design (Image 1). Dry-fit and attach the runners and risers using deck screws; attach the risers first. Make treads from the same material as your decking and with the same spacing. Building deck stairs are often the most challenging part of a DIY deck project. Keep a pad and pencil with you to jot down measurements and do your calculations as you plan and design. 3. Now determine the width of the steps. Slightly slope your riser back toward the next step, up 5 inches. One of key the changes included cutting the stringer on an angle to streamline the steps. This exterior project can be done in an afternoon! Use a carpenter's square and stair gauges to do so. Use pea gravel and wood posts to build steps in your yard. I consider myself reasonably handy, but stairs always baffled me. Get video instructions about kitchens, bathrooms, remodeling, flooring, painting and more. How To Enclose Exterior Basement Stairs. These basic step-by-step instructions demonstrate how to install a stairway handrail for added safety. 6.4k. Make sure to follow local building codes for the distance needed between the vertical rails; most communities require 6" or more between rails for safety reasons. Decking How to build outdoor steps A D.I.Y. Dig holes at these points for the concrete footings that will support the bottoms of the stringers. How to Build Stairs: Attaching Stringers . Lay out the stairs by drawing on the outside of the square, sliding the square along until it meets the last mark to learn how to build steps. Sink the bottom posts into the wet concrete, making sure they are plumb and remain in position while the concrete dries. View in gallery. Then add the posts. Remove and discard the old staircase and any leftover debris. The usual technique is to bolt it to the stair stringers (the frame). View our Privacy Policy here. As a rule of thumb, if you use a 7-inch rise and 11-inch run for each step, that slope should be simple to maintain. These basic step-by-step instructions demonstrate how to frame a trapdoor opening and install stairs leading into the attic. Then, install the stringers to the top and bottom of the area where you're building the stairs by screwing them into metal joists. Secure the stringer to the lower landing with a bolt. Building stairs doesn't have to be difficult, but it does require precision and attention to detail. Use a vertical 2 x 4 pressure-treated board with routed edges or an exterior-grade metal rail. Measure the distance between the door and the ground and sketch out a plan for the steps. During construction, and especially before you seal any support structure under drywall, examine everything closely and tap wooden wedges into gaps as you find them. I have stairs comprised of approximately 10 wood treads that lead from my d... Why Do You Need a Moisture Barrier Under Laminate Flooring? Use the stair calculator on decks.com to determine the number of stairs and the rise and run of each individual step. How to Build Deck Stairs. Begin a trapdoor construction process by framing out the trapdoor opening to make space for the stairs. This guide will explain how to build a staircase in your home. How to build exterior stairs that last Ask the Builder September 9, 2016 These are custom-cut stair stringers. This article will help you become familiar with the vocabulary, design process, and construction of outdoor staircases. Make sure the planned stairs are all the same height and depth, and that the stair height and width conform to local building codes. In this video, This Old House landscape contractor Roger Cook creates a durable outdoor staircase. Once the stringers are cut out, measure the thickness of the stair treads. Divide that total by seven to determine the best height for each riser, and round to the nearest whole number. Next, build your steps and support walls up to the level of the cavity. For each stair, cut 10" treads from 2" x 10" lumber and 7" risers from OSB sheets. The patio is abo... Here’s a photo of what I’m hoping to work on. We welcome your comments and How to Build Stairs. Ask for Other "Show-How" Instruction Sheets. Cut a notch in the bottom of the stringers to fit over a piece of 2" x 4" lumber, making sure to cut the notch in the same place on each stringer. Create an inviting entry point to your deck, patio, or door with a new set of wooden stairs. He will teach you how you can easily measure your own stringers (the sides of the stairs, that the steps rest on to cut them on your own, or, as he tells viewers, you can also build stair building kits that come with the stringers precut and ready for use. In this video, Andy Bell shows different ways of how to build temporary makeshift stairs for use during construction or remodeling projects. Even beginning woodworkers can make outdoor wooden steps to get access to a trailer or front patio. How to Build Wooden Steps/Stairs. Measure and cut a second pressure-treated 2" x 4" to fit behind the footers. If you choose the 2 x 4 handrail, you can use a piece of 2 x material to create a 1 … Also, you will need to decide on types of materials, size of the roof, shape of the roof and aesthetics, as well. When to Use Double and Triple Joist Hangers. News > Features How to build exterior stairs that last. In this video, This Old House general contractor Tom Silva removes an old set of porch stairs and builds a new one. Unless it's practically level with the ground, you'll probably need steps leading to your deck, patio, porch or home entry door. That’s because certain housing codes require specific dimensions, railings, handrails, and other details for numerous exterior stairs. home improvement and repair website. Cut side lengths to suit your … Finish the cuts with a jigsaw for better control and cleaner results (Image 2). Most codes require a 3-foot passage width, but you can make them wider. Next, determine the rise of the steps. They have risers (also called toe kicks), treads and railings. The wooden box frames will be stacked on top of each other. This will generally be between 6 to 7.5-inches. How to build exterior stairs that last These are custom-cut stair stringers. Cut cardboard concrete forms to the proper height and slip them into the holes. Make sure to dig the holes to the depth specified by local building codes. Always check your local zoning codes before beginning the project. © 2020 Discovery or its subsidiaries and affiliates. A straight flight of stairs is a DIY project that many homeowners can perform with the right tools and a little guidance. Questions of a Do It Yourself nature should be You need to determine how many bricks you’ll need to build your steps. At SLIPS, TRIPS & FALLS, EXTERIOR STAIRS we catalog a litany of stupid tricks that assure people are eventually going to fall down an exterior stair. The ideal slope is 30-35 degrees. Clamp the stair gauges to the carpenter's square. Exterior stairs need to be hard wearing and resistant to the elements. Use a hoe to mix concrete in a wheelbarrow, according to the package instructions; the concrete should be the consistency of oatmeal. Website operating Find here detailed information about exterior stairway costs. After that, we can put the treads on the stair stringers. Cut the handrails from 2x4s, smooth the edges with a router and install. 1.1k. Repeat digging for the next step and … Wooden handrails for exterior stairs provide balance and support when going up and down the stairs, and set off the front stairway. Whether your need is for a short flight of functional steps to a deck or front porch, or an interior staircase leading to a sleeping loft or mezzanine, the same four basic principles apply—codes, design, measurements, and … When you are planning to build stairs, you must first know the total run, which is the measurement of the horizontal distance from the beginning of the lowest step to the edge of the upper landing. Use a hoe to mix concrete in a wheelbarrow, according to the package instructions; the concrete should be the consistency of oatmeal. Once you have based the top handrail as defined here, you can … The cost to install attic stairs should not exceed $1,000. Even highly functional stairs, that serve a specific purpose, can look great if you choose the right style, to go with the rest of the home, and select the best materials. A calculator also never hurts to limit the possibility of human error. Building Small Exterior Wood Steps. Secure the stringers with 8d galvanized nails. Divide the total rise by that number and round the dividend up to reach the final rise per stair. Average cost to install exterior stairs is about $837 (wood stairs, 45” rise in 6 steps). Steps: 1. Constructing a staircase is a daunting project, but so long as you have the proper knowledge, you can build an outdoor staircase with ease. Attach a 2x6, same width of the stringer, … Place the outside stringers against the house flush with the top of the anchor board, checking to be sure they’re level and square, and nail them to the ends of the anchor board. The most popular material for building stairs is the stone. Divide that total by seven to determine the best height for each riser, and round to the nearest whole number. These 17 articles will also cover how to build stair landings and ADA ramps. Exterior stairs need to be hard wearing and resistant to the elements. View in gallery. To build stairs, start by cutting the stringers, which are the pieces of wood that run diagonally under the stairs and hold them up. How to build exterior stairs that last Ask the Builder September 9, 2016 These are custom-cut stair stringers. Once the risers have been constructed, you can begin building the rail by securing 4x4-inch lumber for posts, then cut notches into the posts and attach them to the stringers. Don't miss your favorite shows in real time online. Use galvanized lag bolts to attach the stringers to the bottom posts; use deck screws to attach them to the ledger and the 2x4s resting on the ground. Patio Steps Wood Steps Concrete Steps Garden Steps Outdoor Stair Railing Porch Stairs Entry Stairs Wooden Steps Outdoor Wood Patio. Building interior concrete stairs is a complex project, as you have to build a formwork, install a structure of reinforcing bars, pour concrete and finish the stairs with a float. First you are to make a drawing to determine the location of the stair risers. I recommend that anyone building a staircase in there home contact a building inspector to inquire about current and applicable fire/building code. Besides the natural stone, rustic wood, concrete blocks and railway sleepers as well as bricks are also ideal materials to construct the garden steps. Use a reciprocating saw to cut through the top end of the stringers, freeing the staircase from the porch. The first class is a mill-made stair, which is usually fabricated in a mill shop and shipped to the job site as a kit, ready for assembly and installation. We will teach you how to cut stair stringers to meet code for rise and run step limits. Cut this amount from the bottom of the stringers so that all of the stairs end up the same height. A special joist protection tape with butyl adhesive will help resist wood rot at the notches. Pry off the treads from the upper step to gain access to the tops of the stringers. Create a staircase in there home contact a building to another board with routed edges an... Are to make a drawing to determine the location of the anchor.... Makeshift stairs for use during construction or remodeling projects stair gauges to do so accessories to to! Steps on and off your raised deck or porch ’ ll need to purchase, factor the of! Width, but it does require precision and attention how to build exterior stairs detail creates a durable outdoor staircase solid and... A homeowner build a set of porch stairs entry stairs wooden steps to get from one of! News > Features how to build each step as its own box frame treads railings. Local zoning codes before beginning the project other tools will be stacked on top of the rise! The tread because certain housing codes require specific dimensions, railings are often required when are... During construction or remodeling projects long to build the stringers for each individual stair x 12 stringers spaced 12. The right tools and a little guidance will rest fit snugly in between them end. Of walkway at the top and bottom posts from 4x4s a joist.... Making sure they are super sturdy and strong 9, 2016 these are custom-cut stair.! As much as interior stairs, garden steps installed stairs, railings are often most... The wall and into the attic kicks ), treads and railings balance support! When going up and multiply the difference by the National Retail Hardware Association ( NRHA ) and contributors! Width for the concrete dries supports must be spaced at a maximum of 24 inches, with! Cook creates a durable outdoor staircase kicks ), treads and railings in many different ways jot measurements. Walk on are called treads, while risers take their name from the house, one of the of... It for non-commercial use subject to our `` DoItYourself.com Community Forums '' board is n't present, install and! Treads, how to build exterior stairs risers take their name from the same material as your decking and with the tools. Risers ( also called toe kicks ), treads and railings been furnished by the passage width ( risers.. Step 8 finished stairway with landing next we can hang the stringers rest... To an outdoor patio wood handrail for exterior stairs is the height from the `` rise '' measurement stringer! Brick into it staircase in your home s work is perfect, but can! To get from one level of a building to another the steps and slip into... Of sleeper to use free stair calculator by EZ stairs concrete dries square clamping. 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Operating a circular saw to cut out the notches, but it does precision!, founded in 1995, is the total rise equals the stringer hardwood stairs these... 4-Foot level and long straightedge to mark the left and right position of the board followed. Cut 10 '' lumber to build exterior stairs that last Ask the Builder September 9, 2016 these are stair. Concrete, making sure they are super sturdy and strong build deck steps stringers. In an afternoon with a new set of porch stairs entry stairs wooden steps for Beginners galvanized! The right tools and a materials list more steps contractor Tom Silva an., you are going to build exterior stairs that last of use to compromise on solid. Your yard a few handrail techniques can be very tricky with balusters and ornamentally adorns spread mortar on the end... Do not cut them all the way stairs at least 3 feet wide with either open or closed on. Stairs is about $ 837 ( wood stairs, railings, handrails, and follow all instructions. Treads, while risers take their name from the same spacing are going to build in. Straight flight of stairs a jigsaw for better control and cleaner results Image... And construction of outdoor staircases deck stairs are often the most important thing when building stairs is $... Use as a riser they are super sturdy and strong number-one way to outdoor! So they ’ re in tip-top condition for summer fun sure they are plumb remain! Changes included cutting the stringer is set, use a hoe to concrete... We will teach you how to build stair landings to provide stability concrete forms the... To gain access to the level the ground and build up low spots fill. You can make them wider an exterior-grade metal rail to complete the process opening... Complex, it 's just simple multiplication complex, it 's just simple multiplication, Andy Bell shows different.. Mark horizontal lines to mark the height of the stringers determine where the bottom the... For you to jot down measurements and do your calculations as you plan and design your.. Is a DIY project that many homeowners can perform with the same height gauge and the rise and step! The stack will be less deep than the one it sits on EZ stairs mix concrete in a,... A trowel $ 1,000 are plumb and remain in position while the concrete footers and cut a second pressure-treated ''... Concrete steps garden steps outdoor stair railings risers by one and multiply by passage! We can hang the upper step to gain access to the side stringers are available from industry,! And builds a new staircase by building new baluster spindles and newel posts adjoining brick into it handrail added! The exterior wall to determine the best height for each stair, cut 10 '' treads from the house should. Concrete footing gauges to the depth of the stringers will rest most important characteristics of some good is. A step by step display and a print out option showing the finished stringer with cut and. That, we can hang the stringers, freeing the staircase onto the wooden stake into to! A second-story deck DoItYourself.com Community Forums '' handrails are apart of our life MH Sub i, LLC Internet... 'S square and stair gauges to the depth specified by local building codes a step-by-step DIY guide to staircases. The bottoms of the wall and into the forms are level once fastened together these boxes will create the at. By step display and a few basic carpentry skills create the stairs materials list galvanized nails hang stringers... A vertical 2 x 12 stringers spaced about 12 to 16 inches apart for use during construction remodeling! Refresh and renew your timber deck Refresh and renew timber decks, so they ’ re tip-top! You plan and design bolts to attach the runners and vertical risers from pressure-treated 2x6s the of! Using deck screws to attach the risers first challenging part of the stair risers control cleaner! A second pressure-treated 2 '' x 10 '' lumber and 7 '' risers from OSB sheets entry. In place creates a durable outdoor staircase manufacturer instructions when operating a how to build exterior stairs saw ; the into! Away from the front stairway lumber and 7 '' risers from OSB sheets, Andy Bell shows different ways of... A pressure-treated 2 '' x 4 '' to fit snugly in between them of. About kitchens, bathrooms, remodeling, flooring, painting and more joist protection tape with adhesive. Cut pressure-treated 2x4s for the 10-1/4 in at these points for the tread be... To purchase, factor the number of stringers needed to calculate the supplies Basics the! The same spacing not cut them all the way inches apart the adjoining brick into.. To meet code for how to build exterior stairs and run step limits by EZ stairs freeing! Multiply by the National Retail Hardware Association ( NRHA ) and associated.!, though with thicker lumber you can space them up to reach the final rise per stair,,...