In some regions it is classified as a noxious weed. et Perr. Fabaceae, Poaceae and Malvaceae were the plant families with the most used species. The photographer's identification Crotalaria retusa has not been reviewed. The peer review history for this paper can be accessed here: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/26030. Results: At different concentrations (50-400 µg/mL) A. dudgeoni methanol extract quenched the quorum sensing mechanism. Ninkaew, S. & al. Buy Crotalaria retusa - Plant and 6000+ more gardening products online. Noxious Weed Information; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Inhibition of bacterial QS system is a more recent therapeutic approach to Astrocytes are essential for cerebral detoxification and present an efficient and specific cytochrome P450 enzymatic system. Interestingly, fruit extracts and fractions inhibited the growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa POA1 tetracycline resistant and Staphylococcus aureus aztreonam resistant but the fractions did not improve the diameter of inhibition zone. Besides, C. retusa bark extracts showed highest antioxidant capacity. (2017). Crotalaria is a shrub. All authors read and. – Leaves mixed with those of Crotalaria quinquefolia, consumed or applied externally for fever, scabies, lung afflictions, and impetigo. It serves as a nurse species during early reforestation. La The aqueous and ethanolic extracts of selected weeds such as Portulaca oleracea L. (Portulaceae), Cardiospermum helicacabum L. (Sapindaceae), Euphorbia hirta L. (Euphorbiaceae), Crotalaria retusa L. (Fabaceae) and Euphorbia heterophylla L. (Euphorbiaceae) were screened for phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial activity. Les entretiens ont porté sur l’inventaire des plantes antidiabétiques; les Africa is the continent with the majority of Crotalaria species (approximately 400 species), which are mai It can grow from 60 - 120cm tall Uses & Effectiveness? Also known as the Rattleweed, Devil bean and Wedge-leaf. Conclusions: This study forms the basis for exploring novel breeding among cultivated species, between wild and cultivated Crotalaria species as well as determining molecular markers linked to phenomic traits. The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation Publication Author Allen O.N. (Caesalpiniaceae), Journal of Nutraceuticals Functional & Medical Foods. brown hemp, Indian hemp, Madras hemp, or sunn hempPlant Specifications*above specification are indicative only. Crotalaria, commonly known as rattlepods, is a genus of woody shrubs and herbaceous plants that contains more than 600 species belonging to the family Fabaceae.At least 500 species are natives of Africa, and the rest thrive in many countries around the world, mostly in tropical areas. Interesting facts: prefers sunny position, with dry to moist, well-drained soils. Feb15. Rattlepod fixes nitrogen. Two sheep of group 3, challenged 15 days after the end of the resistance induction period, showed signs of acute poisoning and died. The samples antibacterial effect was evaluated by using agar diffusion method and their anti-quorum sensing activity was measured, Many pathogenic bacteria produce virulence factors controlled by a mechanism of regulation named quorum sensing (QS). All the extracts induced cytotoxicity in a dose dependent manner. The authors AR, VO and IK performed. They undergo a metabolic toxication process in the liver which is the first target organ for PA poisoning. 41 espèces. In many cases the reason for these intoxications has been PA contamination in food. The main tools for analysing food and fodder on PA content are based on GC and HPLC separation, followed by MS(-MS) detection. Methodology: Methanol extract from A. dudgeoni stem bark, The objective is to highlight the useful of tropical wild edible fruits with antibacterial properties. et Perr est utilisé dans la plupart des régions Ouest africaines pour le traitement de nombreuses maladies. actual dimensions may vary by +-10% Crotalaria retusa careCrotalaria retusa uses The pyocyanin production inhibition was increased from 11.68 to 54.54% and the elastase activity inhibition, from 21.05 to 40.35%. The study revealed that the stem of C. retusa exhibited the highest cytotoxicity against the selected cancer cells. Crotalaria retusa L. (Fabaceae) also known as ‘rattlebox’ has been used in traditional medicine for the management of various human ailments. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Moussa Compaore, All content in this area was uploaded by Moussa Compaore on Nov 25, 2018, International Journal of Biochemistry Researc, 23(2): 1-6, 2018; Article no.IJBCRR.43635, Laboratory of Applied Biochemistry and Chemistry (LABIOCA), UFR-SVT, University Ouaga 1. (6) - Seedpods used for treating snake and millipede bites. General Information Crotalaria retusa is an erect, annual plant or short-lived perennial with more or less woody stems. l’espèce la plus menacée avec un score de 16 points. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are produced by numerous plant species in nature. undertaken for the prevention of any intoxication. In Kenya, some Crotalaria species have been used in the control of the parasitic weed Striga hermonthica and as food, ... Crotalaria retusa L. (Fabaceae) is a botanical remedy widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions (Aragão et al., 2017). the quorum sensing system. Background: Diversification of global food systems through exploration of traditional varieties and wild edible plant species is a focal mitigation strategy for food security worldwide. Face à un afflux massif de ces mutagènes causé par une pollution environnementale excessive, le développement des, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Spectrophotometric determinations revealed that C. retusa bark extracts have highest concentrations of phenolic and flavonoids. : 2. Amberivatrindolo in language. traitement du diabète. The reporters strain Chromobacterium violaceum CV026 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 were used to measure the impact of extract on quorum sensing controlled violacein and pyocyanin production. The six weeds Argemone maxicana L., Cleome viscosa L., Commelina benghalensis L., Convolvulus arvensis L., Crotalaria retusa L. and Crotalaria spesiosa L. were found to contain Alkaloids, Saponins, Tannins, Steroids and Flavonoids. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. It grows up to 1.5 M. Best used for Skin Problems and Stomach Disorders. The antimicrobial activities were tested against two gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococus aureus), one gram-negative bacterium (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and a mould Aspergillus niger by agar diffusion method. Cette étude réalisée dans les communes de Glazoué et Savè au Centre-Bénin, a pour Different spectroscopic methods (MS and NMR) were used to elucidate the structure of this isolated compound as being the methyl gallate (MG). This article reviews literature published on comfrey (Symphytum officinale), as a case-study of a potentially toxic plant commonly consumed in North America as an herbal remedy. AIDS/HIV. showed that tropical wild edible fruits are a reservoir of antibacterial bioactive compounds and could be exploited to fight microbial resistance. the fieldwork survey. Colum chromatography and recycling High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) of methanol extract from galls of G. senegalensis led to the isolation of one active quorum quenching compound. This plant has no children Legal Status. Rattlebox (Crotalaria) Species at JDSP Worldwide, there are over 600 species in the genus Crotalaria, also commonly known as rattlebox, rattlepod, shake shake, or devil-bean. This review will present the main toxicological aspects of the Crotalaria genus that are established in the literature and recent findings describing the mechanisms involved in the neurotoxic effects of MCT, which was extracted from Crotalaria retusa, and its interaction with neurons in isolated astrocytes. Numerous intoxications in animals and humans caused by the consumption of certain plants were attributed from the middle of this century to compounds of vegetable origin, the pyrrolizidine alkaloids. dont 35 femmes et 91 hommes. To prevent pregnancy. Foliage: Simple leaves, obovate, having a rounded leaf tip and a wedge-shaped leaf base (3.3 - 9.2 cm long, 1 - … To cause labor. L’extrait de fruit protège significativement (P < 0,05) l’ADN des lymphocytes contre les effets génotoxiques de l’arsenic trioxyde. Kalog-kalog, Crotalaria retusa Linn., RATTLEWEED, Ao ye ye bai he - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies. Africa, Asia Temperate, Asia Tropical, Australasia Tool Used. – In Bangladesh, leaves and seed, fresh juice and paste, used for skin diseases. Consumption of plants containing these alkaloids has been. grown as a green manure, fibre crop and ornamental plant; Invasive; Edible uses: flowers and leaves have a sweet flavour and edible as a vegetable. Les 2016 PHYTOCHEMICAL, ANTIOXIDANT AND CYTOTOXICITY OF HYDROETHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF CROTALARIA RETUSA L. Le prélèvement excessif des organes de plantes à des fins médicinales constitue un facteur de menace Au nombre des stratégies endogènes de conservation The aim of this study was to determine the duration of the resistance after the end of the ingestion of non-toxic doses of Crotalaria retusa seeds. Publisher University of Wisconsin Year 1981 ISBN 0-333-32221-5 Description An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus. As a result, it can be said that Crotalaria was proven to grow be… Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted at the Laboratory of Applied Biochemistry and Chemistry (LABIOCA), University Joseph KI-ZERBO between December 2018 to April 2019. and Perr. We quantify the application of plant species in 10 different use categories, evaluate plant use on a plant family level and use the relative importance index to rank all species in the country according to their usefulness. Standard methods such as the MTT, the DPPH and the Folin-Ciocalteau assays were used. Follow. Tannins, steroids and flavonoids were absent in the Cardiospermum helicacabum L. Remarkable antibacterial activity was observed in the aquous and ethanolic (root and leaves) extracts of Portulaca oleracea L. while Cardiospermum helicacabum L. showed no results in same experimental conditions as compared with standard antibiotics. The structure of desired phyto constituents were elucidated using Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy and a combination of one- and two dimensional 1H and 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Des futures investigations phytochimiques permettraient d’isoler les molécules d’intérêt afin de proposer des formulaires d’additifs alimentaires chémopréventifs. Further study is however needed to determine the active principle of C. retusa. Ken Fern, investigation of anti-coagulation property of, Reichmann KG. Richard Morris. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Message The user has shared this species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you. The leaf was found to have the highest concentration of phenols (67.35±1.153 mg GAE/g of extract) and the best free radical scavenging activity with an EC 50 value of 0.222±0.004 mg/mL. (9) p-hydroxybenzoic acid, a phenolic derivative of benzoic acid, was identified in all C. retusa plant parts. Screening phytochimique de l'extrait par LC-ESI-MS, Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are a class of phytochemi-cals found in more than 350 plant species, with the main suspect species being Heliotroprium, Senecio, Crotalaria, and Symphytum. et de génoréparation des molécules génoprotectrices des sous fractions bioactives de l'extrait éthanolique de la pulpe de fruits de Detarium mi, Evaluer l'activité antiproliférative de l'extrait de fruit Mots clés : Gestion durable, enquêtes ethnobotaniques, plantes médicinales. Pour vérifier cette hypothèse, des lymphocytes humains en culture ont été incubés en présence d’extraits de fruits et/ou de l’arsenic trioxyde, un oxyde génotoxique environnemental. Phytochemical constituents, pharmacological proprieties and previous reports on. Some plants like weeds, however, have not been fully exploited for their medicinal value. This is especially during the dry season when palatable forage is scarce. It is perennial. Les résultats obtenus montrent que 144 plantes (Caesalpiniaceae). Significant inhibition of virulence factor, pyocyanin was recorded (66% of inhibition at 400 µg/mL) without affect negatively the growth of P. aeruginosa PAO1. Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids in Higher Plants: Acacia dudgeoni Craib. Riet-Correa et al. Finally, there is an attempt to estimate the human intake of potentially toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids in high-risk areas, and a discussion of reported case-studies of PA poisoning. Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso. Traditional medicine, human nutrition and animal fodder were the most important use categories. maritima Trimen Crotalaria retusifolia Stokes Dolichos cuneifolius Forssk. Click here to review or comment on the identification. Les fruits sauvages comestibles constituent une source potentielle de par leur biodisponibilité et leurs propriétés biologiques diverses. Conclusion: The anti-quorum sensing and anti-biofilm properties of this medicinal plant could serve as a source in the developpement of new effective anti- quorum sensing drugs. To induce resistance, sheep in groups 1, 2 and 3 received 20 daily doses of 2g kg-1 of C. retusa seeds, followed by 7 daily doses of 4g kg-1. B. Crotalaria Species in Veterinary Practices . d’identifier les plantes antidiabétiques menacées, prioritaires pour la conservation. A randomized complete block design with three replications was used for agro-morphological evaluation of the 83 accessions used in this study. It has compound, broad leaves. Methyl gallate at the final concentration of 12.5 µg/ml demonstrated good anti-QS We show that, in Crotalaria , nodulation triggers the biosynthesis of these alkaloids. Background: The West African country of Burkina Faso (BFA) is an example for the enduring importance of traditional plant use today. These plants are commonly used in traditional medicine such as for treatments of uterine hemorrhages, dysentery, and inflamed wounds. Culture Platform of Cell and Tissue (PCCT) U.F.R/S.V.T., University of Ouagadougou, 09 BP 1001, This work was carried out in collaboration between all authors. antioxydantes. North, Central, South Not a problem species (un-documented) Assessment Status: Complete. Nodules are typical organs at the roots of legumes (Fabaceae) in which symbiotic rhizobia fix atmospheric nitrogen. The involvement of P450 enzymatic systems in MCT hepatic and pulmonary metabolism and toxicity has been elucidated, but little is known about the pathways implicated in the bioactivation of these systems and the direct contribution of these systems to brain toxicity. Le fruit de cette plante pourrait donc être exploré pour le développement de potentielles molécules chémopréventives en vue de réduire le risque de survenu des maladies causées par les mutagènes environnementaux. Our data showed that seeds of C. retusa had anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive properties and such activities are probably due to the inhibitory effect on neutrophil migration of lectin present in albumins. The metabolic interactions and signaling between neurons and glial cells are necessary for the development and maintenance of brain functions and structures and for neuroprotection, which includes protection from chemical attack. The screening and study of twenty leaf powder of different weeds belonging to 15 families and 18 generas for phytochemical constituents was performed using generally accepted laboratory technique for qualitative determinations. CROTALARIA retusa L. [family LEGUMINOSAE-PAPILIONOIDEAE], (1753). ; Allen E.K. Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in continental Southeast Asia Phytotaxa 320: 1-74. Parmi celles-ci, Kigelia africana est Sheep of groups 1 and 2 did not develop overt signs of poisoning. The fabaceous genus Crotalaria is known to produce toxic alkaloids as part of its chemical defense. A synopsis of the genus Crotalaria (Leguminosae) in Brazil Phytotaxa 346: 31-58. Keywords: Bioactive compounds, edible fruit, elastase activity, microbial resistance, pyocyanin production, quorum Ablassé Rouamba 1*, Vincent Ouédraogo 1, Issa Karama 1, Moussa Compaoré 1,2 and Martin Kiendrebeogo 1,2. The phytochemicals present included saponins, tannins, alkaloids and sterols. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. P. aeruginosa PAO1 was used to measure the impact on biofilm formation. Other seeds were provided by the Genetic Resources Research Institute of Kenya. : 23, Issue. Worldwide many episodes of human PA intoxications are well reported. Interestingly, extract of Adansonia digitata was more active on the inhibition of pyocyanin production than salicylic acid while extract of Vitellaria paradoxa presented the same inhibition of elastase activity like salicylic acid (p>0.05). Multivariate component analysis showed that the plant part was the main factor responsible for the observed variability between the extracts. International Journal of Biochemistry Research & Review, ISSN: 2231-086X,Vol. This study aimed to assess the abilities of methanol extract from Guiera senegalensis galls and its isolated compound methyl gallate to quench, Les mutagènes environnementaux sont des sources d’espèces réactives génotoxiques qui induisent des dommages génomiques cellulaire avec pour conséquence le développement de nombreuses maladies telles que les cancers, les diabètes, les maladies cardio-vasculaire et neurodégénérative. Actual incidents with toxic PA are the 'Jacobaea vulgaris (syn. composés naturels chémopréventifs devient une nécessité. Data on quantitative and qualitative traits was collected. Evaluer l'activité proapoptotique, anti-metastatique de l'extrait de fruit Seeds of Crotalaria retusa L. are used in popular medicine because of their pharmacological properties. The extracts showed high inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase (21.22–4.81 mmol acarbose equivalent/g), acetylcholinesterase (8.71–8.26 mg galantamine equivalent/g), butyrylcholinesterase (4.16–2.36 mg galantamine equivalent/g), and tyrosinase (133.11–125.26 mg kojic acid equivalent/g). Crotalaria Retusa. The NMDS ordination formed 15 and 6 groups based on counties and regions respectively. The toxicity of, traditional healers is also evident. The detection of heammaglutinating activity against human erythrocytes in albumins evidences the presence of lectin in seeds of C. retusa. The phenolic compounds contribution to the diameter of inhibition zone of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, elastase activity and pyocyanin production inhibition was 0.56, 0.55 and 0.76 (p<0.05) respectively. Common names are from state and federal lists. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by For instance, myricetin was identified in C. retusa fruits only. Crotalaria retusa. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. The database and code is licensed under a Methanol extract from galls of G. senegalensis at the concentration of 100 µg/ml demonstrated significant inhibitory effect on pyocyanin and violacein production respectively in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and Chromobacterium violaceum CV026. Les espèces très menacées (niveau 3) sont au nombre de 18. associated with potentially fatal hepatic veno-occlusive disease (Budd-Chiari Syndrome), carcinogenesis, and fibrotic lung disease. Forb/Herb, Subshrub Origin. et Perr. Infections/Infestations, digestive system disorders and genitourinary disorders are the health problems most commonly addressed with medicinal plants. Sunn hemp, like hemp (Cannabis sativa), is mainly grown as a fibre crop that was much used in the traditional manufacture of ropes, strings, twines, floor mat, and fishing nets. disease was calculated using Microsoft Excel software, syphilis (72.5%) followed by malaria (7.5%) and, were purgative, drink and bath. objectif d’évaluer la vulnérabilité et les stratégies endogènes de conservation des plantes utilisées dans le Whilst Crotalaria (Fabaceae, Leguminosae) plants are used in popular medicine, they are considered toxic and can cause damage to livestock and human health problems. In this study, one potent pyrrolizidine alkaloids, monocrotaline was isolated from Crotalaria retusa. Crotalaria retusa L. Accepted name Wedgeleaf rattlepod Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Crotalaria > Crotalaria retusa L. 0. The greatest diversity in the genus is found in Africa, which has over 400 species (Abukutsa-Onyango, 2007). En définitive, l’étude a permis Asthma. Seed samples were collected from different administrative counties in Kenya spanning different climatic zones. However, literature on traditional plant use is still scarce and a comprehensive analysis for the country is still missing. Uses Top of page. However, extracts of the plant parts were observed to be non-selective towards cancer cells since they were equally toxic to the normal human liver (WRL 68) cells. Colic. - Leaves mixed with those of Crotalaria retusa, consumed or applied externally for fever, scabies, lung afflictions, and impetigo. Plants in this genus have a myriad of uses including ethno-medicinal uses, nitrogen xation, green manure, silage, ber, cover crop for weeds control, prevention of soil erosion, control of nematodes and as ornamental plants (Ramos, et al., 2001; ... Plants in this genus have a myriad of uses including ethno-medicinal uses, nitrogen xation, green manure, silage, ber, cover crop for weeds control, prevention of soil erosion, control of nematodes and as ornamental plants (Ramos, et al., 2001; Rouamba et al., 2018). Erects herbs or subshrubs up to 1.75 m tall; branches striate, minutely pubescent. An ethnobotanical survey conducted in Ouagadougo province in Burkina-Faso reported that C. retusa was used for the treatment of prenatal syphilis, malaria, yellow fever, convulsion, ear inflammation, aches, and constipation, - Identifier les molécules génoprotectrices des fuits de Detarium microcarpum; Senecio jacobaea) problem' in Europe and the 'Ageratum conyzoides problem' in Ethiopia. Growth Form: Herbaceous plant with erect growth habit, can grow up to 1.2 - 1.5 m tall. An ethnobotanical survey conducted in Ouagadougo province in Burkina-Faso reported that C. retusa was used for the treatment of prenatal syphilis, malaria, yellow fever, convulsion, ear inflammation, aches, and constipation (Rouamba et al., 2018). Moreover, albumins (20 mg/kg) significantly reduced the second (inflammatory) phase of the licking time induced by formalin. We focus on traditional medicine and quantify the use of plants as remedy against 22 classes of health disorders, evaluate plant use in traditional medicine on the level of plant families and rank all species used in traditional medicine according to their respective usefulness. The results of the study show that Crotalaria plant height was extremely sensitive to water supply, and significantly led to a decrease in the shoot heights and leaf sizes in these two species, which ultimately meant lower crop yield. Crotalaria is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family Fabaceae (subfamily Faboideae) commonly known as rattlepods. Insufficient Evidence for. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PA) are toxic for human and livestock. Methods: In this study we combine the information of a recently published plant checklist with information from ethnobotanical literature for a comprehensive, national scale analysis of plant use in Burkina Faso. Studies in animals have shown cases of poisoning by plants from the genus Crotalaria, which induced damage to the central nervous system. uer l'activité antioxydante des molécules génoprotectrices isolées et leur impact sur la production d'enzymes Malaria. Crotalaria retusa L. – rattleweed Subordinate Taxa. The present study comparatively evaluated the α-amylase, α-glucosidase, acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase, and tyrosinase inhibitory activity, antioxidant properties, as well as phytochemical profiles of extracts of C. retusa (bark, fruits, and flowers) obtained by homogenization, maceration, ultrasonication, and Soxhlet extractions. drugs as an alternative to antibiotics to combat bacterial resistance. The weed Euphorbia hirta L possess significant antifungal activity as compared to nystatin used as a standard antifungal agent. - Eval, Déterminer le mécanisme moléculaire de génoprotection Crotalaria retusa L. (Fabaceae) also known as ‘rattlebox’ has been used in traditional medicine for the management of various human ailments. This results suggests that it should be a safety consideration in consuming this plant for traditional medicine because it is also contains toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Information. being fed species notably Crotalaria C. Retusa, C. Lachnosema and C. Naragutensis by herdsmen. Original-research-article. web interface by Ethno-medicinal Use of Crotalaria retusa L. (Fabaceae), a Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Toxic Plant. Lupinus cochinchinensis Lour. Share. To analyze the differences in crop yield of Crotalaria in different regions, samples of Crotalaria brevidens and Crotalaria ochroleuca were taken from each setting and analyzed for crop yield under different water supply conditions. Conclusions: The national-scale analysis revealed systematic patterns of traditional plant use throughout BFA. with help from The bioactive compounds like flavonoid and polyphenolic compounds were quantified in different fractions from fruits. The genus includes about 500 species of herbaceous plants and shrubs. sensing. The structurally elucidated toxic compound, monocrotaline was used for further toxicological investigations. Enlarged spleen. sont utilisées dans le traitement traditionnel du diabète. Some people cultivate select Crotalaria species as ornamental plants. activity by inhibiting violacein and pyocyanin production. family and is found in tropical and subtropical, climate is characterised by a long dry season, Plant was purchased with the local herbalists and, identified by Professor Jeanne Millogo, a, Two main national languages such as Moore, Frequency of Citation (RFC) of each disease was, FC: number of people having quoted the disease, infections has been mentioned in previous eth, diversified secondary metabolites content, Table 2.